Weather and Climate in Madagascar
The climate in Madagascar is mainly characterized by two seasons: the dry season from May to October and the rainy season from November to April. Between the two main seasons, there are two dry intermediate seasons with a drop in temperature in May to July – austral winter – and an increase in temperature in October and November. This is typically a subtropical climate.
However, there is a clear difference between the East Coast, Center and West Coast relative to their exposure to the ocean and the terrain.
Bounded by the Indian Ocean, the East Coast is the most watered area because it rains most of the year but mainly in the months of December to April and from June to August. The temperature fluctuates from 25 ° C to 30 ° C but can go down to 20 ° C in June. It is exposed to heavy tropical storms and cyclones once or twice a year.
In the highlands or in the central regions, the pluis seasons are shorter but more intense – from November to April – and temperatures are lower and are between 20 ° C and 25 ° C and can reach 10 ° C in the months of June to August – winter austral.
In the western region which is delimited by the Mozambique Channel, the rainy season is very short but more abundant – from December to March. The temperature is highest – between 27 ° C and 32 ° C.
The South region is governed by a semi-desert and scorching climate, rain is rare and the temperature is very high.
When to travel to Madagascar?
Ideally it is in August, September and October – The peak of the dry season – But more, it is possible to travel to Madagascar from the month of May but keeping the national roads practicable – tarred- avoiding difficult tracks. In June and August precautions should be taken to visit the eastern part of Madagascar because it is still raining in this season.