Madagascar is the largest island of Africa located at 500km – 310 miles – east of Mozambique, 1580 km – 980 miles long and 580 km – 360 miles wide – Having an area of 587000 sqm – encircled by maritime coasts of 4 800 km – 3000miles.
In terms of ratio, the big island is a little less than the whole of France, 1.5 times Japan and 1/5 of Greenland. It is located in the southern hemisphere and is crossed by the Tropic of Capricorn. It has the Indian Ocean to the east and the Mozambique Channel to the west.
Madagascar has 24 Million inhabitants in 2015, this figure is very evolutionary because Madagascar has a birth rate of 32% and a mortality rate of 7% with a life expectancy of 65 years. The demography of Madagascar represents a young population because 50% are in the 0 to 19 age group.
Antananarivo – Tananarive – is the capital of Madagascar, which alone has 3.8 million inhabitants.
Initially, Madagascar is divided into 6 provinces including: Antananarivo – Antsiranana – Fianarantsoa – Mahajanga – Toamasina – Toliara. Nowadays, since the change of the constitution in 2007, it is subdivided into 22 regions of which: Diana, Sava, Itasy, Analamanga, Vakinankaratra, Bongolava, Sofia, Boeny, Betsiboka, Melaky, Alaotra-Mangoro, Atsinanana, Analanjirofo, Amoron’i Mania, Haute Matsiatra, Vatovavy-Fitovinany, Atsimo-Atsinanana, Ihorombe, Menabe, Atsimo-Andrefana, Androy, Anôsy.
The main cities are: Antananarivo-Tananarive, Antsirabe, Antanifotsy, Soavinandiana, Faratsiho, Betafo, Antsiranana-Diego Suarez, Ambanja, Sambava, Nosy-be-Nosy-Bay, Mahajanga-Majunga, Maevatanana, Marovoay, Maintirano, Toamasina-Tamatave , Amparafaravola, Manjara, Ambatondrazaka, Moramanga, Mananara North, Soanierana Ivongo, Fianarantsoa, Fandriana, Ambositra, Ihosy, Manakara, Amparafaravola, Toliara-Tulear, Betioky, Fort-Dauphin-Tôlanaro, Ambovombe, Ambatondrazaka, Morondava, Miandrivazo
Madagascar is a center of tourist interest because it is rich in biodiversity – animal and vegetal, in culture, landscape and history.